Creation and operation of the composting industry.

Bins and recycling. The capital and operating costs of creating and operating the composting industry cannot be avoided. On the other hand, opportunities should be sought to reduce costs. For example, many composting systems share vehicles for collection (and therefore their cost) with channels that collect dry waste. A composting organization in Monza, Italy, uses old vehicles used in its collection to collect mixed waste purchased before composting was developed. Vehicles are distributed between garbage collections and do not need to be adapted.

Income and cost savings. Many of the composting operations studied in this report have achieved significant savings through the introduction of their sector. For example, in Nior, France, the cost of a composting unit is half the cost of disposal, and moreover, a state fee should not be paid on composted waste. Cost avoidance is one of the main benefits of composting.

Financial support for composting channels. Most of the sectors studied received some financial assistance, often with partial funding from the national or local administration. The cork production sector in Ireland received funding from the Irish Structural Funds program, and the Barcelona sector in Spain received funding from the European Commission.

Advertising and information. In all the cases studied, the most important factor for the success of the industry is good advertising and good information, which ensures the participation of residents as early as possible in the process in order to maximize levels of acceptance and participation. Most threads have been able to use many different methods to convey such a message to residents.

For example, the sector in Spain organized a very intensive advertising campaign, including direct mail to residents, presentations in villages, campaigns in schools and nursing homes, as well as advertising in the press and on television. and on the radio.

Blue, green, and black bins. Operations Management. For an operation to be successful, it is important that it is well organized. Sector management includes, as a rule, a municipality or local administration that is well aware of local conditions and waste generated. Planning and preparation, taking into account market conditions and local characteristics, is an important element in the development of the sector and the processing enterprise. Sector operators will also need to plan their project in advance in order to obtain the necessary permits and agreements that may be required from the competent authorities of the Member State.

Summary. As highlighted in the case studies presented in this guide, the main success factors for border processing and composting are: setting clear and realistic goals; identification of the best types of waste to be treated; organization of the most effective and practical industry infrastructure for residents; creating a market for an unpolluted final product through the selective collection of biodegradable waste; reasonable planning and financial management organization of a wide range of advertising and information campaigns in the sector so that the local population as much as possible participated in the system, especially in the early stages of sector preparation. Additional Information. For more information, a list of websites is provided.

This allows you to use compost for experimental agricultural use, sell it to residents or distribute it for free trials. In Bapom, France, organizers of the composting industry plan to introduce a quality-lab application to encourage local farmers to use it. For their part, these farmers provide local food companies with their own quality criteria.

To ensure consistently high product quality, it is important to have high-quality, unpolluted raw materials that will be monitored and maintained throughout the year. Selective collection of biodegradable waste is necessary to ensure the supply of clean and uncontaminated organic materials. In Italy, compost produced in all the studies presented complies with the requirements of the Italian law on fertilizers.